A millennium of interaction between societies and environments in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions (Canada and Greenland)
The project involves 30 scientists from 12 French laboratories and 16 international collaborators. Researchers involved in the project constitute a pluridisciplinary panel with complementary skills in ecology, palaeoenvironmemt, physical geography, geology, archaeology, bioarchaeology, anthropology, ethno-history and geomatics. They all have a strong experience of Arctic fieldworks and research on project theme for many years.
The study area includes Eastern Canada (Nunavik, Nunavut and Nunatsiavut) and Greenland (South and North).
Around 1000 years cal. AD, some of these areas witnessed the meeting between European farmers coming from Scandinavia, and huntersfishers arriving from Beringia. Today, these two lifestyles are still coexisting, with farming in South Greenland, and hunters/gatherers/fishers in Nunavik, Nunavut, Labrador coast and Greenland.
Within these study areas, our aim is to document 1000 years of interactions between Thule/Inuit people, Norse settlers and their environment, through an interdisciplinary approach exploiting different kinds of natural archives.
The use of pedo-sedimentary archives (lakes, peat deposits, cryosols, anthrosols) and palaeoenvironmental multiproxy analyses will highlight landscape evolution, climatic and anthropogenic forcings upon ecological processes. Archaeological sites, and more specifically archaeological soils, ecofacts and artefacts, will give precious information about the nature of these interactions.